With regard to the examination of the positions of nearly 200 parties, it is not easy to reach agreement on such a complex and technical document. In these circumstances, every step forward has been a great success – said Michael Kurtyka, President of COP24. When the Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015, much to the delight of all delegates, it was clear that this success would bring even more difficult work. Negotiations would last another three years. This is the time that negotiators have set aside for the development of the Katowice regulatory framework – a precise and detailed agreement under which the Paris Agreement will be implemented in a manner that is fair to all parties. The agreement reached at COP24 is the result of in-depth technical discussions and political compromises. Katowice`s legislation covers the following topics: Mitigation – A compromise text has been drawn up on the issue of mitigation, taking into account the common interests of developing and developed countries. This text builds on the strong commitments that the “supposed” discourse has made with regard to the necessary information (ICTU) and the principles for monitoring the progress of national contributions (NDC). The text of the decision contains detailed requirements for communication and monitoring of the progress made by the NDCs, which apply to all contracting parties. Commitments depend on the nature of the NPNs and not on the level of development of the country concerned. The creation of a common communication and progress monitoring platform for CNN will allow for a better understanding and aggregation of NDCs. Common Calendar – The Paris Agreement required the parties to discuss the definition of a common timetable for the presentation of national contributions during COP24. The parties partially set these deadlines, indicating that they could apply to contributions from 2031.
However, it remains to be agreed that they will last 5 or 10 years – the parties have reserved the possibility of resolving this issue at the next COP25. National contribution records – In accordance with the Paris Agreement, contracting parties should define how national contributions submitted by the parties under the agreement should be managed in the form of a register in Katowice. During COP24, the parties were able to agree on the form of such a register, which will be based on a temporary register currently in place and, with the communication on adaptation, it will form the registration portal.